作文的一些轉折語

 

相較之下
in comparison/contrast to/with
compared with/to
by contrast with
in contrast
by comparison
as distinct from
contrary to
unlike
in sharp contrast to /with
be diametrically opposite to

乍看之下/表面上
at first appearance
at first glimpse
on its face
on the fact of it
on the surface
to all appearances
at first glance
at first sight
at first blush

然而
however
still
nevertheless
nonetheless

儘管如此/雖然

in spite of this
despite N
notwithstanding N
regardless of N
irrespective of N
in the teeth of N
with regard to N
for all that S+V
with all/for all N
notwithstanding that....
despite the fact that....
whereas
although
while

反之/相反地
on the contrary
conversely
rather
instead
conversely speaking
otherwise
on the other hand

不是...而是
instead of ...=far from...

即使
even if = even though

另一方面/另外
alternatively

一方面on one hand另一方面on the other hand

依然/仍然
still
all the same
just the same

同時
at the same time
meanwhile

相對
A be pitted against B

無與倫比
without compare

A跟B的....大不相同

there is a marked/stark/sharp/striking contrast between  A and B

假定/就算...(原因)...,...

Granted that....

假如/考慮到 (that)
Given........,......

萬一/如果
in case of N
in case that
in the event of N
in the event that

此外
besides
moreover
in addition
to add that

除了...
other than....
except for

既然
since....,..........
seeing that.....,...
now that....,..........

只要
as long as

關於+n
as to/for

和...一樣
as well as

不但..而且...
not only....but also.....

因此
hence
therefore
as a result
thus

導致
lead to
give rise to
bring about
cause
result in

源自於
result from

簡言之
in short
in brief

然後
then
after that

以後/之後/後來
afterwards

首先
above all
firstly
to begin with
to start with
for a start
first of all

第二secondly 第三thirdly 第四fourthly

不得不
cannot help but + V原型

一方面因為....一方面因為.....,所以............
what with....and what with....,...........

 

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